# C program to check a number even, odd or zero

In this program, we will test a given number by users whether the number is even, odd, or zero using C programming. To do this we will use the basic component of C syntax. The logic behind this problem is to check the number even or odd, so we know to check logic in C programming, we use basic if-else expressions.

## Mathematical logic to Check Even or Odd

By using our general school mathematical knowledge, how can we determine if a number is even or odd. To do this, simply take a number and divided by 2 then notice of its reminder. If the reminder is 1 then again focus on the taken number, it will be a odd number.

And similarly, if the reminder is 0, then obviously it is an even number. See the simple math above. Now we will implement this problem in C program.

## Simple logic

First we will take a variable say `N`

to store the given value (simple integers `int N`

) by users. Then we will divide it by 2 and check the reminder using the C modulus operator `N%2 == 0`

or `N%2 == 1`

. After then we will check the reminder by using simple `if.. else`

conditions. Finally output it as the sample input output above. Let’s implement it.

To take input value from users, use `scanf`

function and to display the output we will use `printf`

function which is defined in the stdio.h standard function library along with many other basic function and expressions.

If you are very beginner in C programming, then you can start learning our basic C tutorial,

## Program to Check Even or Odd Numbers

```
/* C program to check Even or Odd (main.c)*/
#include <stdio.h> int main()
{
int N;
printf("Enter a number: ");
scanf("%d", &N);
if (N == 0)
{
printf("You entered Zero!\n");
}
else if (N % 2 == 0)
{
printf("You entered an Even number!\n");
}
else
{
printf("You entered an Odd number!\n");
}
return 0;
}
```

Sample Input | Sample Output |
---|---|

22 | You entered an Even number! |

45 | You entered an Odd number! |

0 | You entered Zero! |

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