Programming Language

Definition – What is Programming Language

A Programming Language is actually a formal language. Unlike human language, it is specially written for the computer to be running, completing tasks and communicating between two or multiple computers. A computer programming language is nothing but just a set of rules that can be used to produce various output by the computer repeatedly.

Depending on the type of tasks the program source code is handled by a computer specialist and he is generally known as the Computer programmer. There are thousands of programming language has been created already. Mainly focused on computing field, different languages are being used in different computing field to produce the desired output.

If you want to explore, you will find many kinds of programming languages such as compiled, interpreted, scripting, constructed etc.

Short overview

At the very early stage of computing, computers would not use any stored program. After many research machine language was created also known as 1st generation languages. But writing code in bytecode with machine language was tricky that’s why computer scientist created assembly language also known as 2nd generating languages. It was also tricky to program in assembly language but not more than machine language. After a period, the first high-level programming language was created named as Plankalkül in the early of 1948. Today, many high-level languages have been created.


Markup language like XML, HTML, XHTML or LaTex is not considered as programming language. But many people think about those languages as the programming language. Markup language just used to text processing, text representing or structuring data. Unlike programming language, markup language has no functional syntax. Instead, it uses the tag to construct data.

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